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Durian Deutsch

Durian Deutsch Durian schmeckt wie Himmel und stinkt wie Hölle

Der Durianbaum (Durio zibethinus, thailändisch ทุเรียน, RTGS-Umschrift Thurian; malaiisch Pokok. Englisch-Deutsch-Übersetzungen für durian im Online-Wörterbuch souklb.co (​Deutschwörterbuch). Übersetzung für 'durian' im kostenlosen Englisch-Deutsch Wörterbuch von LANGENSCHEIDT – mit Beispielen, Synonymen und Aussprache. Viele übersetzte Beispielsätze mit "durian fruit" – Deutsch-Englisch Wörterbuch und Suchmaschine für Millionen von Deutsch-Übersetzungen. Durian "Mon Thong" [lat. Durio zibethinus L.], Thai-Name: Thurian (ทุเรียน), Sorte: Mon Thong, Hochsaison: März – September. "König der Früchte" ist nur eine.

Durian Deutsch

Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'durian' in LEOs Französisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für durian fruit im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Durian“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Durian is prohibited in most public places in Thailand.

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Durian - Sieht sehr gefährlich mit ihren scharfen Dornen. Ich fand Styx gut, bevor ich auf Duran Duran stand. Die Fruchtschale ist bei Reife hellgelb bis grünlich-gelb bzw. Eine Durian wird gerade geöffnet. Kakao verbessert deine Stimmung durch den Stoff Tryptophan, der einen günstigen Einfluss auf den Serotoninspiegel im Blut hat, von Natur aus fröhlich macht, Stress abbaut und entspannt! Durian verboten. Hierzu werden Alkoholdehydrogenasen ADH benötigt. Larousse Gastronomique. A rich custard highly flavoured with almonds click the best Beste Spielothek in Fedderswarf finden idea of it, but there are occasional wafts of flavour that call to mind cream-cheese, onion-sauce, sherry-wine, and other incongruous dishes. Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance; others find the go here overpowering and revolting. It occurs when mixed with Sudoko Kostenlos. The smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as rotten onions, linkand raw sewage. Https://souklb.co/casino-spiele-online/clevertronic-erfahrungen-verkauf.php on Facebook Share on Twitter. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'durian' in LEOs Französisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten ✓ Aussprache. Übersetzung Englisch-Deutsch für durian fruit im PONS Online-Wörterbuch nachschlagen! Gratis Vokabeltrainer, Verbtabellen, Aussprachefunktion. Übersetzung im Kontext von „Durian“ in Englisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Durian is prohibited in most public places in Thailand. Übersetzung im Kontext von „durian“ in Französisch-Deutsch von Reverso Context: Les Fukes vont prendre leur livraison dans une heure quai 25 au Port​. An der Durian scheiden sich die Geister: Die einen schlägt sie in die Flucht, die anderen können nicht genug bekommen. In Südostasien wird. EN DE. Bearbeitungszeit: 62 ms. Da der sorten- und reifeabhängige aromatische Geruch nur ungewöhnlich langsam verfliegt und von manchen als unangenehm empfunden check this out, hat er eine polarisierende Wirkung. In 37 Minuten, die eine Runde mit dem Riesenrad dauert, muss niemand essen — wer will, dreht e Die genetische Analyse erbrachte auch neue Erkenntnisse über die Entstehung von Geruch und Geschmack der Durianfrucht. Die drei bis fünf ledrigen Kelchblätter sind glockenförmig verwachsen Beste Spielothek Vichel finden ausgeweiteter Kelchbasis und vier bis sechs Kelchzipfeln. Durian is commonly known as "King of fruits". Synonyme Konjugation Reverso Corporate. Duran Duran. Cacao also contains anandamide the bliss moleculewhich is a Durian Deutsch produced by your brain after physical sporting activity. Städtereisen Singapur Jenseits der Wolkenkratzer spielt das wahre Leben. Registrieren Sie sich für weitere Beispiele sehen Es ist einfach und kostenlos Click here Einloggen. Durian und einiges das ich gar nicht kenne. Es sind keine, vier bis fünf oder mehr freie Kronblätter vorhanden. Durian is prohibited in most public places in Thailand.

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Our shop serves only the best of each class, and each type will have its own unique taste. For bitter durian lovers, the XO D24 is perhaps their favourite.

The seeds of the XO D24 are slightly larger but they compensate for that by having more meat on them. However, those who like sweet things like chocolates and sweets generally take a liking to the Red Prawn.

If you take a closer look, you can see that the Old Tree MSW will have a darker tinge to its flesh — an indicator of the taste being so concentrated as to produce a darker colour.

The flesh is rich and bitter. The Musang King separates itself from the common breed of durian by having an extremely thick, rich and creamy taste.

However, one thing to note is that it is sweeter and not as bitter as our Old Tree Breeds. Eating durians is an important event to many.

Consuming low quality durians will totally ruin the experience of any durian meal. Given that durian sellers can sometimes be dishonest and provide low quality durians, buying durians online seems like an even bigger step.

However, we think that we are able to provide better service and quality of durians by operating online, as we are able to better predict and manage our durians to make sure that you only get the freshest ones.

Many durian sellers would pack durians at the end of the day to be sold in boxes, and there is a common misconception that our durians have to be at least a day old.

Higher prices these few days — Why? Durian prices have risen across the board [ What are Thai Durians?

The flesh is medium-thick, solid, yellow in colour, and sweet. The flesh is thick, not solid, yellow coloured, and has a sweet taste.

These species are commonly distributed in Brunei, and together with other species like D. Although the durian is not native to Thailand , Thailand is ranked the world's number one exporter of durian, producing around , tonnes of durian per year, , tonnes of which are exported to mainland China and Hong Kong.

This single province is responsible for half of the durian production of Thailand. The Kadayawan Festival is an annual celebration featuring the durian in Davao City.

Durian was introduced into Australia in the early s and clonal material was first introduced in Over thirty clones of D.

Malaysia negotiated a deal with China to export the whole fruit frozen for the first time to China starting in , previously only Thailand was permitted to export the whole fruit to China.

The durian is a seasonal fruit, unlike some other non-seasonal tropical fruits such as the papaya which are available throughout the year.

In peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, the season for durians is typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the mangosteen. Prices of durians are relatively high, compared with other fruits.

In-season durians can be found in mainstream Japanese supermarkets, while in the West they are sold mainly by Asian markets.

The unusual flavour and odour of the fruit have prompted many people to express diverse and passionate views ranging from deep appreciation to intense disgust.

The five cells are silky-white within, and are filled with a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about three seeds each.

This pulp is the edible part, and its consistence and flavour are indescribable. A rich custard highly flavoured with almonds gives the best general idea of it, but there are occasional wafts of flavour that call to mind cream-cheese, onion-sauce, sherry-wine, and other incongruous dishes.

Then there is a rich glutinous smoothness in the pulp which nothing else possesses, but which adds to its delicacy. It is neither acidic nor sweet nor juicy; yet it wants neither of these qualities, for it is in itself perfect.

It produces no nausea or other bad effect, and the more you eat of it the less you feel inclined to stop. In fact, to eat Durians is a new sensation worth a voyage to the East to experience.

Wallace described himself as being at first reluctant to try it because of the aroma, "but in Borneo I found a ripe fruit on the ground, and, eating it out of doors, I at once became a confirmed Durian eater".

The natives give it honourable titles, exalt it, and make verses on it. While Wallace cautions that "the smell of the ripe fruit is certainly at first disagreeable", later descriptions by Westerners are more graphic in detail.

Novelist Anthony Burgess writes that eating durian is "like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory". It can be smelled from yards away.

Despite its great local popularity, the raw fruit is forbidden from some establishments such as hotels, subways and airports, including public transportation in Southeast Asia.

Other comparisons have been made with the civet , sewage , stale vomit , skunk spray and used surgical swabs.

In , researchers from the Technical University of Munich identified ethanethiol and its derivatives as a reason for its stinky smell.

However, the biochemical pathway by which the plant produces ethanethiol remained unclear such as the enzyme that releases ethanethiol.

The fruit's strong smell led to its ban from the subway in Singapore; it is not used in many hotels because of its pungency.

Hundreds of phytochemicals responsible for durian flavour and aroma include diverse volatile compounds, such as esters , ketones , alcohols primarily ethanol , and organosulfur compounds , with various thiols.

People in Southeast Asia with frequent exposures to durian are able to easily distinguish the sweet-like scent of its ketones and esters from rotten or putrescine odours which are from volatile amines and fatty acids.

Some individuals are unable to differentiate these smells and find this fruit noxious, whereas others find it pleasant and appealing.

This strong odour can be detected half a mile away by animals, thus luring them. In addition, the fruit is highly appetising to diverse animals, including squirrels , mouse deer , pigs, sun bear , orangutan , elephants , and even carnivorous tigers.

According to Larousse Gastronomique , the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. Some species grow so tall that they can only be collected once they have fallen to the ground, whereas most cultivars of D.

Some people in southern Thailand prefer their durians relatively young when the clusters of fruit within the shell are still crisp in texture and mild in flavour.

For some people in northern Thailand , the preference is for the fruit to be soft and aromatic. In Malaysia and Singapore , most consumers prefer the fruit to be as ripe and pungent in aroma as possible and may even risk allowing the fruit to continue ripening after its husk has already cracked open.

In this state, the flesh becomes richly creamy, slightly alcoholic, [41] the aroma pronounced and the flavour highly complex.

The various preferences regarding ripeness among consumers make it hard to issue general statements about choosing a "good" durian.

A durian that falls off the tree continues to ripen for two to four days, but after five or six days most would consider it overripe and unpalatable, [3] although some Thais proceed from that point to cook it with palm sugar, creating a dessert called durian or thurian guan.

Durian fruit is used to flavour a wide variety of sweet edibles such as traditional Malay candy, ice kacang , dodol , lempuk , [57] rose biscuits, ice cream , milkshakes , mooncakes , Yule logs , and cappuccino.

Es durian durian ice cream is a popular dessert in Indonesia, sold at street side stall in Indonesian cities, especially in Java.

Pulut Durian or ketan durian is glutinous rice steamed with coconut milk and served with ripened durian. In Sabah , red durian is fried with onions and chilli and served as a side dish.

Tempoyak refers to fermented durian, usually made from lower quality durian unsuitable for direct consumption.

Tempoyak can be eaten either cooked or uncooked, is normally eaten with rice, and can also be used for making curry.

Sambal Tempoyak is a Sumatran dish made from the fermented durian fruit, coconut milk, and a collection of spicy ingredients known as sambal.

In Palembang, Pangasius catfish can be either cooked as tempoyak ikan patin fish in tempoyak curry or as brengkes pepes tempoyak , which is a steamed fermented durian paste in banana leaf container.

In Thailand, durian is often eaten fresh with sweet sticky rice, and blocks of durian paste are sold in the markets, though much of the paste is adulterated with pumpkin.

Malaysians make both sugared and salted preserves from durian. When durian is minced with salt, onions and vinegar, it is called boder. The durian seeds, which are the size of chestnuts, can be eaten whether they are boiled, roasted or fried in coconut oil , with a texture that is similar to taro or yam , but stickier.

In Java , the seeds are sliced thin and cooked with sugar as a confection. Uncooked durian seeds are potentially toxic due to cyclopropene fatty acids and should not be ingested.

Young leaves and shoots of the durian are occasionally cooked as greens. Sometimes the ash of the burned rind is added to special cakes.

The nectar and pollen of the durian flower that honeybees collect is an important honey source, but the characteristics of the honey are unknown.

Tempoyak , made from fermented durian in Bandung , West Java , Indonesia. Tempoyak ikan patin , catfish in tempoyak curry, Palembang , South Sumatra , Indonesia.

Ketan durian , glutinous rice with durian sauce in Indonesia. Durian cake made of durian-flavoured dodol , Indonesian traditional sweet candy.

A street side durian ice cream in Bogor , West Java , Indonesia. Durian gelato in Singapore. Durian cakes from Pontianak , West Kalimantan , Indonesia.

The origin of the durian is thought to be in the region of Borneo and Sumatra , with wild trees in the Malay peninsula , and orchards commonly cultivated in a wide region from India to New Guinea.

Inside there are five things like elongated oranges, and resembling thick butter, with a combination of flavours. In , Herbarium Amboinense by the German botanist Georg Eberhard Rumphius was published, providing the most detailed and accurate account of durians for over a century.

The genus Durio has a complex taxonomy that has seen the subtraction and addition of many species since it was created by Rumphius.

It has been planted in the Americas but confined to botanical gardens. In Southeast Asia, the durian has been cultivated for centuries at the village level, probably since the late 18th century, and commercially since the midth century.

In , the British botanist E. His theory was that endozoochory the enticement of animals to transport seeds in their stomach arose before any other method of seed dispersal , and that primitive ancestors of Durio species were the earliest practitioners of that dispersal method, in particular red durian D.

However, in more recent circumscriptions of Durioneae, the tribe into which Durio and its sister taxa fall, fleshy arils and spiny fruits are derived within the clade.

Some genera possess these characters, but others do not. The most recent molecular evidence on which the most recent, well-supported circumscription of Durioneae is based therefore refutes Corner's Durian Theory.

Since the early s, the domestic and international demand for durian in the Association of Southeast Asian Nations ASEAN region has increased significantly, partly due to the increasing affluence of Southeast Asia.

A common local belief is that the durian is harmful when eaten with coffee [41] or alcoholic beverages.

In , J. Gimlette wrote in his Malay Poisons and Charm Cures that the durian fruit must not be eaten with brandy. Croft wrote in his Bombacaceae: In Handbooks of the Flora of Papua New Guinea that "a feeling of morbidity" often follows the consumption of alcohol too soon after eating durian.

Several medical investigations on the validity of this belief have been conducted with varying conclusions, [10] though a study by the University of Tsukuba finds the fruit's high sulphur content inhibits the activity of aldehyde dehydrogenase , causing a 70 percent reduction of the ability to clear toxins from the body.

The durian is commonly known as the "king of fruits", [5] a label that can be attributed to its formidable look and overpowering odour.

A durian falling on a person's head can cause serious injuries because it is heavy, armed with sharp thorns, and can fall from a significant height.

Department of Agriculture, Thailand. Durian OnLine. Archived from the original PDF on The New York Times.

Tropical Trees of the Pacific. Kailua, Hawaii: Hargreaves. Department of Agriculture. Cycad Burrawang nut Ginkgo nut Araucaria spp.

Non-timber forest products. Furs Honey Pine honey Wild game. Berries Tree fruit. Nuts Spices. Oil Waxes. Category Commons. Namespaces Article Talk.

Views Read Edit View history. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file.

Durian Deutsch Voici la seule photo de Duran Duran. Are Beste Spielothek in Hinterhagen finden absolutely Fernreise Deutschland Städtereise Reisewetter. Spontan vom Baum abgefallene Früchte sind deutlich kürzer haltbar. Die Früchte sollten bei Kauf unversehrt sein; read more Durianfrüchte öffnen sich von selbst, worunter der Geschmack leidet und was auch bei extremem Duft Insekten anzieht. Sie sind nur im Zeitraum von etwa Uhr nachmittags bis Uhr morgens bestäubungsfähig.

However, those who like sweet things like chocolates and sweets generally take a liking to the Red Prawn.

If you take a closer look, you can see that the Old Tree MSW will have a darker tinge to its flesh — an indicator of the taste being so concentrated as to produce a darker colour.

The flesh is rich and bitter. The Musang King separates itself from the common breed of durian by having an extremely thick, rich and creamy taste.

However, one thing to note is that it is sweeter and not as bitter as our Old Tree Breeds. Eating durians is an important event to many.

Consuming low quality durians will totally ruin the experience of any durian meal. Given that durian sellers can sometimes be dishonest and provide low quality durians, buying durians online seems like an even bigger step.

However, we think that we are able to provide better service and quality of durians by operating online, as we are able to better predict and manage our durians to make sure that you only get the freshest ones.

Many durian sellers would pack durians at the end of the day to be sold in boxes, and there is a common misconception that our durians have to be at least a day old.

Higher prices these few days — Why? Durian prices have risen across the board [ What are Thai Durians? When we talk about Thai Durians, we are referring to the [ Remember me Log in.

Lost your password? Aber in keiner anderen Frucht als in der des Durianbaums wurde sie bislang sonst beobachtet. Es gibt Verkostungen der unterschiedlichen Sorten und Provenienzen, vergleichbar mit Weinproben im europäischen Raum.

In den Hauptanbauländern wie Malaysia oder Thailand gibt es viele unterschiedliche Sorten, die sehr geschätzt werden und entsprechende Preise erzielen.

Haupthandelszentrum für Durian-Früchte ist Singapur. In asiatischen Geschäften finden sich des Öfteren jedoch tiefgefrorene ganze Früchte, Durian-Segmente Samen mit Fruchtfleisch sowie gefrorenes Fruchtfleisch.

Zum Verzehr öffnet man die ganze Frucht an den Nähten und entnimmt die vom Fruchtfleisch umhüllten Samen aus den einzelnen Kammern; man trennt das Fruchtfleisch vom Samenkern ab.

Die Früchte sollten bei Kauf unversehrt sein; überreife Durianfrüchte öffnen sich von selbst, worunter der Geschmack leidet und was auch bei extremem Duft Insekten anzieht.

In Singapur werden nach dem Genuss von Durian häufig Mangostanfrüchte verzehrt, da sie helfen sollen, die etwas schwer bekömmliche Durian besser zu verdauen.

Eine Durian wird gerade geöffnet. Der Handschuh dient als Schutz vor den Stacheln. Vergleich von zwei Sorten.

Gut zu erkennen sind Fruchtschale und die Fruchtkammern, die den Arillus enthalten. Das Fruchtfleisch der Durian umhüllt die Kerne — die Segmente werden auch portionsweise verkauft teils tiefgefroren.

Die Samen werden in den Anbauländern ebenfalls zubereitet, z. Es wird vor dem Genuss von Alkohol zusammen mit Durian gewarnt, da dies zu krampfartigen Bauchschmerzen führen kann.

Medizinische Untersuchungen zu dieser Frage brachten bisher kein eindeutiges Ergebnis, legen aber den Schluss nahe, dass keine schädigende Wechselwirkung zu erwarten ist, die Beschwerden sind vorübergehend.

Dabei wird der Trinkalkohol Ethanol zunächst zu giftigem Acetaldehyd abgebaut. Hierzu werden Alkoholdehydrogenasen ADH benötigt.

Im Fall der Durianfrucht sind Schwefelverbindungen für die Hemmung verantwortlich. Aufgrund der Geruchsbelästigung ist die Mitnahme von Durianfrüchten in Hotels oder Flugzeugen meist nicht gestattet.

Setzt sich der Geruch erst einmal fest, ist es schwierig, ihn wieder loszuwerden. Im November sorgten im indonesischen Jakarta mehrere Tonnen Durian, die im Frachtraum einer Maschine der Sriwijaya Air verstaut worden waren, für Tumulte unter den aufgebrachten Passagieren.

Das Flugzeug konnte erst mit einstündiger Verspätung starten, nachdem die Früchte wieder ausgeladen worden waren. Im Mai musste eine Bibliothek der University of Canberra wegen eines vermeintlichen Gaslecks geräumt und von der Feuerwehr durchsucht werden.

Ein Gebäude der Deutschen Post wurde komplett geräumt. Zwölf Mitarbeiter mussten wegen Übelkeit medizinisch versorgt werden, sechs davon wurden vorsichtshalber ins Krankenhaus eingeliefert.

It is native to Borneo and Sumatra. Named in some regions as the "king of fruits", [5] the durian is distinctive for its large size, strong odour , and thorn -covered rind.

Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species.

Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour.

The smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as rotten onions, turpentine , and raw sewage.

The persistence of its odour, which may linger for several days, has led to the fruit's banishment from certain hotels and public transportation in Southeast Asia.

By contrast, the nineteenth-century British naturalist Alfred Russel Wallace described its flesh as "a rich custard highly flavoured with almonds ".

The flesh can be consumed at various stages of ripeness, and it is used to flavour a wide variety of savoury and sweet desserts in Southeast Asian cuisines.

The seeds can also be eaten when cooked. Durio sensu lato has 30 recognised species. The 6 additional species included in Durio s.

The crucial difference between the two is that anther locules open by apical pores in Boschia and by longitudinal slits in Durio s.

These three genera together form a clade that is characterised by highly modified mono- and polythecate, as opposed to bithecate anthers.

The genus Durio is placed by some taxonomists in the family Bombacaceae , or by others in a broadly defined Malvaceae that includes Bombacaceae, and by others in a smaller family of just seven genera Durionaceae.

Durio is often included in Bombacaceae because of the presence of monothecate anthers, as opposed to the bithecate anthers common to the rest of the mallows and angiosperms , in general.

However, the first studies to examine mallow phylogeny using molecular data found that the tribe Durioneae should be placed in the subfamily Helicteroideae of an expanded Malvaceae.

The authors of these studies hypothesise that monothecate anthers have most likely evolved convergently in Durioneae and in the Malvatheca clade comprising Malvaceae s.

A draft genome analysis of durian indicates it has about 46, coding and non-coding genes , among which a class called methionine gamma lyases — which regulate the odour of organosulfur compounds — may be primarily responsible for the distinct durian odour.

Durian trees are large, growing to 25—50 metres 80— feet in height depending on the species. The flowers are produced in three to thirty clusters together on large branches and directly on the trunk with each flower having a calyx sepals and five rarely four or six petals.

Durian trees have one or two flowering and fruiting periods per year, although the timing varies depending on the species, cultivars, and localities.

A typical durian tree can bear fruit after four or five years. The durian fruit can hang from any branch, and matures roughly three months after pollination.

Since this species is open-pollinated, it shows considerable diversity in fruit colour and odour, size of flesh and seed, and tree phenology.

In the species name, zibethinus refers to the Indian civet , Viverra zibetha. There is disagreement over whether this name, bestowed by Linnaeus , refers to civets being so fond of the durian that the fruit was used as bait to entrap them, or to the durian smelling like the civet.

Durian flowers are large and feathery with copious nectar , and give off a heavy, sour, and buttery odour. These features are typical of flowers pollinated by certain species of bats that eat nectar and pollen.

Some scientists have hypothesised that the development of monothecate anthers and larger flowers compared to those of the remaining genera in Durioneae in the clade consisting of Durio, Boschia , and Cullenia was in conjunction with a transition from beetle pollination to vertebrate pollination.

Over the centuries, numerous durian cultivars , propagated by vegetative clones , have arisen in Southeast Asia. They used to be grown with mixed results from seeds of trees bearing superior quality fruit, but now are propagated by layering , marcotting , or more commonly, by grafting , including bud, veneer, wedge, whip or U-grafting onto seedlings of randomly selected rootstocks.

Different cultivars may be distinguished to some extent by variations in the fruit shape, such as the shape of the spines.

Most cultivars have a common name and a code number starting with "D". Each cultivar has a distinct taste and odour.

More than cultivars of D. Mon Thong is the most commercially sought after, for its thick, full-bodied creamy and mild sweet-tasting flesh with relatively moderate smell emitted and smaller seeds, while Chanee is the best in terms of its resistance to infection by Phytophthora palmivora.

Kan Yao is somewhat less common, but prized for its longer window of time when it is both sweet and odourless at the same time. In Vietnam , the cultivar, Musang King, is a common variety preferred by consumers.

By , Thai government scientist Songpol Somsri had crossbred more than ninety varieties of durian to create Chantaburi No. Popular cultivars in Malaysia and Singapore Singapore imports most of its durians from Malaysia, hence the varieties are similar although there may be slight variation in the names include "D24", which is a popular variety known for its bittersweet taste; "XO", which has a pale colour, thick flesh with a tinge of alcoholic fermentation; "Chook Kiok" Cantonese meaning: bamboo leg which has a distinctive yellowish core in the inner stem; and "Musang King" 'musang' is the Malay word for palm civet which is usually the priciest of all cultivars.

Musang King is known for its bright yellow flesh and is like a more potent or enhanced version of the D There are 13 common Malaysian varieties having favourable qualities of colour, texture, odour, taste, high yield, and resistance against various diseases.

Known locally as "durian IOI", this variety has a round shape, medium size, green and yellow outer skin colour, and has flesh easy to dislodge.

The flesh is medium-thick, solid, yellow in colour, and sweet. The flesh is thick, not solid, yellow coloured, and has a sweet taste. These species are commonly distributed in Brunei, and together with other species like D.

Although the durian is not native to Thailand , Thailand is ranked the world's number one exporter of durian, producing around , tonnes of durian per year, , tonnes of which are exported to mainland China and Hong Kong.

This single province is responsible for half of the durian production of Thailand. The Kadayawan Festival is an annual celebration featuring the durian in Davao City.

Durian was introduced into Australia in the early s and clonal material was first introduced in Over thirty clones of D.

Malaysia negotiated a deal with China to export the whole fruit frozen for the first time to China starting in , previously only Thailand was permitted to export the whole fruit to China.

The durian is a seasonal fruit, unlike some other non-seasonal tropical fruits such as the papaya which are available throughout the year.

In peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, the season for durians is typically from June to August, coinciding with that of the mangosteen.

Prices of durians are relatively high, compared with other fruits. In-season durians can be found in mainstream Japanese supermarkets, while in the West they are sold mainly by Asian markets.

The unusual flavour and odour of the fruit have prompted many people to express diverse and passionate views ranging from deep appreciation to intense disgust.

The five cells are silky-white within, and are filled with a mass of firm, cream-coloured pulp, containing about three seeds each.

This pulp is the edible part, and its consistence and flavour are indescribable. A rich custard highly flavoured with almonds gives the best general idea of it, but there are occasional wafts of flavour that call to mind cream-cheese, onion-sauce, sherry-wine, and other incongruous dishes.

Then there is a rich glutinous smoothness in the pulp which nothing else possesses, but which adds to its delicacy. It is neither acidic nor sweet nor juicy; yet it wants neither of these qualities, for it is in itself perfect.

It produces no nausea or other bad effect, and the more you eat of it the less you feel inclined to stop.

In fact, to eat Durians is a new sensation worth a voyage to the East to experience. Wallace described himself as being at first reluctant to try it because of the aroma, "but in Borneo I found a ripe fruit on the ground, and, eating it out of doors, I at once became a confirmed Durian eater".

The natives give it honourable titles, exalt it, and make verses on it. While Wallace cautions that "the smell of the ripe fruit is certainly at first disagreeable", later descriptions by Westerners are more graphic in detail.

Novelist Anthony Burgess writes that eating durian is "like eating sweet raspberry blancmange in the lavatory".

It can be smelled from yards away. Despite its great local popularity, the raw fruit is forbidden from some establishments such as hotels, subways and airports, including public transportation in Southeast Asia.

Other comparisons have been made with the civet , sewage , stale vomit , skunk spray and used surgical swabs.

In , researchers from the Technical University of Munich identified ethanethiol and its derivatives as a reason for its stinky smell.

However, the biochemical pathway by which the plant produces ethanethiol remained unclear such as the enzyme that releases ethanethiol.

The fruit's strong smell led to its ban from the subway in Singapore; it is not used in many hotels because of its pungency.

Hundreds of phytochemicals responsible for durian flavour and aroma include diverse volatile compounds, such as esters , ketones , alcohols primarily ethanol , and organosulfur compounds , with various thiols.

People in Southeast Asia with frequent exposures to durian are able to easily distinguish the sweet-like scent of its ketones and esters from rotten or putrescine odours which are from volatile amines and fatty acids.

Some individuals are unable to differentiate these smells and find this fruit noxious, whereas others find it pleasant and appealing. This strong odour can be detected half a mile away by animals, thus luring them.

In addition, the fruit is highly appetising to diverse animals, including squirrels , mouse deer , pigs, sun bear , orangutan , elephants , and even carnivorous tigers.

According to Larousse Gastronomique , the durian fruit is ready to eat when its husk begins to crack. Some species grow so tall that they can only be collected once they have fallen to the ground, whereas most cultivars of D.

Some people in southern Thailand prefer their durians relatively young when the clusters of fruit within the shell are still crisp in texture and mild in flavour.

For some people in northern Thailand , the preference is for the fruit to be soft and aromatic. In Malaysia and Singapore , most consumers prefer the fruit to be as ripe and pungent in aroma as possible and may even risk allowing the fruit to continue ripening after its husk has already cracked open.

In this state, the flesh becomes richly creamy, slightly alcoholic, [41] the aroma pronounced and the flavour highly complex.

The various preferences regarding ripeness among consumers make it hard to issue general statements about choosing a "good" durian.

A durian that falls off the tree continues to ripen for two to four days, but after five or six days most would consider it overripe and unpalatable, [3] although some Thais proceed from that point to cook it with palm sugar, creating a dessert called durian or thurian guan.

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